Crater lakes

A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera, such as a maar; less commonly and with lower association to the term a lake may form in an impact crater caused by a meteorite, or in an artificial explosion caused by humans. Sometimes lakes which form inside calderas are called caldera lakes, but often this distinction is not made. Crater lakes covering active (fumarolic) volcanic vents are sometimes known as volcanic lakes, and the water within them is often acidic, saturated with volcanic gases, and cloudy with a strong greenish color. For example the crater lake of Kawah Ijen in Indonesia has a pH of under 0.5. Lakes located in dormant or extinct volcanoes tend to have fresh water, and the water clarity in such lakes can be exceptional due to the lack of inflowing streams and sediment.

Russian winter: facts and myths

The Russian winter has been cited as a factor which significantly contributed to military failures of several invasions of Russia. Common nicknames in such context are General Frost, General Winter and General Snow. Another similar factor is "General Mud" ("rasputitsa"). The significance of these factors has been disputed.

Tsala tree lodge hotel

Like the monumental ruins of an ancient central African civilisation, Tsala’s impressive stone-masonry entrance flanked by water features leads to a magnificent foyer supported by Blackwood columns. The elaborate afro-baroque décor’s earthy colours, rich textures and handcrafted fittings are inspired by the diverse cultures of Africa, with the sophistication of the Western World. The views are breathtaking, whether from the exotic dining room, intimate glassed-in lounge, or large open decks high above the forest floor. Tsala is a magical place, encircled by lush forests extending across rolling valleys, towards the distant hills.

Boneyard project

“The Boneyard Project” is an art exhibition of scrapped military aircraft that have been repurposed as canvases for contemporary artists. The project involves making of decorative paintings and graffiti on the fuselage of World War II era military aircrafts that lie abandoned in the infamous “Boneyard” in Arizona desert, the USA. The idea of The Boneyard Project was first conceived by Eric Firestone and organized by curator Carlo McCormick in the spring of 2010. Firestone’s concept has since evolved into a larger goal in which various international contemporary artists are set to redesign the entirety of old, out-of-use military planes.

Wat Rong Khun white temple

Superman flies through the paintings on a temple wall. A towering demon rises above you wielding a sword. Hands reach out from the depths below you on a bridge to a heavenly temple. Shrunken heads sprouting Spanish moss hang from tree branches. Thai angels and mystical creatures cavort through the temple grounds and on the masterpiece sanctuary at the temple’s heart. Wander through the magical world of Wat Rong Khun, often referred to in English as the White Temple.

Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest, also known as Amazonia, is one of the world's greatest natural resources. Because its vegetation continuously recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen, it has been described as the "Lungs of our Planet". About 20% of earth's oxygen is produced by the Amazon rainforest.

Russian street art

In spite of the fact that Russian graffiti school constantly develops and successfully functions, it still remains the original interpreted tracing-paper from the West and the Europe, that points to absence of original character and national coloration. The only union purposefully using the cyrillics in their art, is the "Zachem" team.

Goussainville - ghost village

Once upon a time there was a small French village called Goussainville, situated 20 kms (12 miles) north of Paris, with its town hall, its church, its 19th century manor, and only seven small streets. Early in the 20th century the only sounds to be heard came from the church bell, farm animals and the roar of thunder from a passing summer storm. Then came the Great War with the noise of canons. In May 1915 local resident Auguste Denis was killed, in November his brother Henri was killed. This followed in 1916 with the death of his brother Alfred and then in 1917 their brother Julien. A war monument was built with the four brothers’ names among the 32 soldiers from the village who lost their lives. Calm returned until the bombings of World War II. After the Liberation, German prisoners of war worked the fields and life quietly moved along until in June 1973 a Tupolev 144, performing at Le Bourget Air Show, crashed in the village, destroying fifteen homes and a school. A second sound was heard.

Pinatubo eruption in 1991

The second-largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, and by far the largest eruption to affect a densely populated area, occurred at Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines on June 15, 1991. The eruption produced high-speed avalanches of hot ash and gas, giant mudflows, and a cloud of volcanic ash hundreds of miles across.

The aurora effects

Polar auroras, which are subdivided into aurora borealis and aurora australis, according to the hemisphere in which they occur, are assuredly the finest of the optical phenomena of nature, but are, even at the present day, one of the least understood. While by their sudden appearance, their superb colouring, their rapid movement, their infinitely varied form, the northern lights have from all time excited the attention of the multitude, their mysterious nature and the relations which seem to connect them with terrestrial magnetism, and even with certain cosmic phenomena, such as the spots in the sun, make them the subject of the study of meteorologists and physicists.

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